Transportation facilities have been used to encourage economic development, to shape growth patterns, to improve opportunities for disadvantaged persons, and to elevate the general quality of life in and around urban areas. Students in this concentration become competent in formulating investment strategies, pricing transportation services, and evaluating alternative methods for providing needed services. They learn how transportation plans are produced, and what regulations govern transportation planning. They investigate new transportation laws and regulations, financing systems, and the impact of transportation facilities or modes on environmental quality. These students find employment in consulting firms, state transportation agencies, regional organizations, cities, metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs), and transportation districts. A certificate in transportation can be earned in addition to the master's degree. University courses suggested for transportation planning are listed below.